In a previous study (Rodman et al., 1989), we found that many neurons in the middle temporal area (MT) of the macaque monkey remain visually responsive and directionally selective after striate cortex lesions or cooling. In the present study, we examined the effects of superior colliculus (SC) lesions and combined lesions of striate cortex and the SC on the visual properties of MT neurons. Removal of the SC alone had no effect on the proportion of visually responsive cells, strength of direction selectivity and direction tuning, orientation tuning, receptive field size, or binocularity in MT. There was, however, a slight increase in response strength to both stationary and moving slit stimuli. In contrast to the minor effects of SC lesions alone, addition of an SC lesion to striate cortex damage abolished all visual responsiveness in area MT. The results indicate that pathways damaged by the SC lesion are not necessary for most of the properties of MT neurons found in the intact animal, although these pathways are capable of sustaining considerable visual responsiveness and direction selectivity when striate input is removed.