Topographic projections are important for coding sensory information in the visual, auditory, and somatosensory systems but are of uncertain importance in the coding of olfactory information. We searched for topographic projections between olfactory receptor cells and the olfactory bulb of the rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Anterograde axonal tracing with HRP revealed that the olfactory axons arising from discrete regions of the olfactory epithelium travel together within the olfactory nerve. The abrupt resorting and redistribution of these axons at the interface between the olfactory nerve and olfactory bulb imply that local cues control and organize axonal projections. The sites of termination of HRP-labeled axons in the glomerular layer could not be predicted from the location of their cell bodies in the periphery. Retrograde tracing with fluorescently labeled latex beads, injected into glomerular subregions as small as 1% of the total glomerular volume, labeled receptor cells dispersed throughout the olfactory epithelium. The distributions of labeled receptor cells were uncorrelated with the bulbar injection sites. Double-labeling experiments revealed that even widely separated sites in the glomerular layer receive axons from comingled populations of receptor cells. Hence, the evidence indicates that the spatial arrangement of olfactory receptor cells in the epithelium is not preserved in the termination of their axons in the olfactory bulb. We conclude that the primary olfactory in trout lacks point-to-point or regionally topographic organization and that the entire extent of the olfactory epithelium contributes axons to each region of the glomerular layer.