Sensory cells of Aplysia form chemical synapses with the motor cell L7 in culture. Under certain conditions, sensory cells will also form electrical connections with each other. Sites of chemical synaptic interaction between the sensory cells and L7 are located at varicosities along sensory cell processes that overlie the main axons of L7, since these structures have been shown ultrastructurally to contain active zones. Previous studies have suggested that the distribution of sensory cell varicosities can be restricted to exclusive regions of the motor cell by the presence of other sensory cells. We wished to investigate (1) how this segregated pattern is generated over time and (2) whether electrical coupling between sensory cells has an effect on this segregated pattern. Using fluorescent dye injection and low-light video microscopy, we visualized the distribution of varicosities for each of two sensory cells growing on L7. In cases in which sensory cells are not electrically coupled, the varicosities from these two cells are spatially segregated on the target after 4 d in culture but not after 2 d in culture. Examination of the varicosity distribution of the same sensory cells on the second and third day of growth indicated both an increased rate in the elimination of varicosities from previously occupied areas and a restriction of varicosity formation in new areas of the target when a second sensory cell is present. For sensory cells that are electrically coupled, varicosities from these cells were not spatially segregated on the target even after 4 d in culture. These observations in vitro suggest that segregation of synaptic inputs by Aplysia sensory cells, which show little spontaneous activity of action potentials, can emerge over time via a process that includes both the elimination of existing sensory varicosities and the restriction of new varicosity formation. Our results also suggest that electrical connections between presynaptic cells can disrupt the segregation of their varicosities on a target, resulting in significant changes in the developing connectivity.