The postnatal development of cortical binocularity is known to be adversely affected by early abnormal visual experience. However, little information exists on how the signals from the two eyes are combined in individual cortical neurons of animals reared with early discordant binocular visual experience. Since this is a fundamental issue in understanding visual cortical development, we used extracellular single- unit recording methods to study binocular integration in striate cortical neurons of strabismic cats. Specifically, we measured the sensitivity of individual cells to the relative interocular spatial phase of dichoptically presented drifting sinusoidal gratings (i.e., to binocular retinal image disparity). Clear alterations in ocular dominance were observed in all strabismic subjects. Nevertheless, the majority of cortical neurons exhibited some form of binocular interactions when both eyes were stimulated together. The most prominent aspect of cortical physiology in the strabismic animals was the relatively high prevalence of suppressive binocular interactions. Suppression was most frequently found in kittens reared with 2 weeks of early optical dissociation and among adult cats that received 2 weeks of early optical dissociation and a prolonged recovery period. However, substantial excitatory binocular interactions were also maintained in these animals. With an extended period of interocular misalignment (3 or 8 months), all forms of binocular interactions, excitatory and suppressive, were drastically reduced and a greater number of neurons were truly monocular. Although the reduction in the strength of binocular interactions occurred in all units irrespective of their monocular spatial properties, the effect was more pronounced among those units tuned to higher spatial frequencies and this spatial- frequency-dependent effect was larger in the subjects receiving longer periods of binocular dissociation. The results suggest that the “breakdown” of cortical binocular properties in strabismic subjects is not an all-or-none process, and that suppressive binocular interactions may be closely associated with the abnormal binocular interactions exhibited by strabismic humans. Furthermore, our findings are consistent with the notion that cortical disparity-detecting mechanisms are spatial-frequency dependent and, thus, can be selectively altered depending on an animal's early visual experience.