Wistar rats had a single nare occluded on postnatal day 30, depriving the ipsilateral olfactory bulb of odor stimulation. The deprivation lasted for either 1–2 months (short-term) or 12 months (long-term). As previously reported, deprivation greatly reduced tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity (the rate limiting enzyme for dopamine synthesis) in the glomerular layer of the ipsilateral olfactory bulb. The nare was then reopened and odor response patterns of mitral/tufted cells were examined. The proportion of mitral/tufted cell single-units responding to a single odor was enhanced by deprivation. Furthermore, the proportion of mitral/tufted cells responding to more than one odor was increased by deprivation, suggesting a decrease in discrimination. Finally, in undeprived bulbs, the dopamine D2 receptor antagonist spiperone mimicked the effects of deprivation on mitral/tufted cell odor response patterns. The results are interpreted as an activity- dependent dopamine modulation of lateral and feedback inhibition in the olfactory bulb, and are compared with similar events in the dark- adapted retina.