Previous positron emission tomography (PET) studies with levodopa analogs have revealed a modestly increased capacity for dopamine synthesis in the striatum of patients with schizophrenia compared with healthy age-matched control subjects. We hypothesized that not just the synthesis but also the turnover of radiolabeled dopamine is elevated in patients. To test the hypothesis, we reanalyzed 2-h-long [18F]fluorodopa (FDOPA)/PET recordings from eight unmedicated patients with schizophrenia and 15 healthy age-matched control subjects, using new methods for the quantification of [18F]fluorodopamine steady-state kinetics. The fractional rate constant for the catabolism and elimination of [18F]fluorodopamine was elevated nearly twofold in striatum, the largest biochemical difference in brain of schizophrenics yet reported. The magnitude of the intrinsic blood–brain FDOPA clearance with correction for this loss of [18F]fluorodopamine metabolites was increased by 20% in caudate and putamen and by 50% in amygdala and midbrain of the patients. However, the magnitude of the steady-state storage of FDOPA and its decarboxylated metabolites (Vd) was reduced by one-third in the caudate nucleus and amygdala of the schizophrenic group. Thus, reduced steady-state storage of [18F]fluorodopamine occurs in the midst of accelerated synthesis in brain of untreated patients. Positive scores of the positive and negative syndrome scale correlated inversely with the magnitude of Vd in amygdala, suggesting an association between positive symptoms and impaired steady-state storage of FDOPA metabolites in that structure.