The visual field representation and functional architecture of cortical areas 17 and 18 in albino cats were studied. In the same animals the distributions of ipsilaterally and contralaterally projecting retinal ganglion cells were determined by injecting horseradish peroxidase into the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus or optic tract. All cats were tyrosinase-negative albinos (cc), not deaf white cats (W). The proportion of ipsilaterally projecting ganglion cells in the temporal retina of the albino cat was found to be much smaller than in the normal cat or in the Siamese cat. In the albino cat less than 5% of ganglion cells in temporal retina project ipsilaterally. Recordings from areas 17 and 18 provided evidence of a substantial representation of the ipsilateral hemifield in albino visual cortex; cells representing the contralateral and ipsilateral hemifields were often segregated into alternating zones in area 17 and were always segregated in area 18. Cells recorded at the borders of zones representing the ipsilateral and contralateral hemifields often had abnormal properties. Some border cells had two receptive fields separated by as much as 60 degrees of azimuth; one field subserved the contralateral hemifield (contralateral nasal retina) and the other subserved the mirror- symmetric part of ipsilateral hemifield (contralateral temporal retina). Receptive fields of cells subserving the two hemifields did not differ in size. The preferred orientations, preferred velocities, and other characteristics of the two fields were approximately the same; preferred orientation changed gradually and systematically across the borders of zones representing the two hemifields. Our results indicate that afferents representing nasal and temporal regions of retina of the same eye can segregate and form “hemiretina” domains in albino visual cortex. These afferents can also converge upon individual cortical cells in a fashion reminiscent of convergence of afferents from the two eyes upon binocular cells in the normal cortex. The organization of albino visual cortex is therefore different from the organization of Siamese visual cortex. This may be because, in the albino cat but not the Siamese cat, nearly all cells in temporal retina project contralaterally; afferents representing contralateral temporal retina are not at a significant competitive disadvantage in the albino.