Table 1.

Descriptions of the six experiments

Location Perturbation Movement Posture Experiment Subjects Group Paradigm
Kingston Visuomotor rotation Out and back Supported 1 7 Control A Embedded Image Embedded Image A
8 Test A Embedded Image B Embedded Image A
2 5 Control NA Embedded Image NA Embedded Image NA
8 Test NA Embedded Image NB Embedded Image NA
London Position-dependent force field Out and back Free 3 6 Control A Embedded Image Embedded Image A
A
6 Test 5 min B Embedded Image Embedded Image A
6 Test 24 hr A Embedded Image B Embedded Image A
A
Kingston Velocity-dependent force field Out and back Free 4 6 Test 5 min B Embedded Image A Embedded Image
11 Control 24 hr A Embedded Image Embedded Image A
8 Test 24 hr A Embedded Image B Embedded Image A
5 Control 1 week A Embedded Image Embedded Image A
8 Test 1 week A Embedded Image B Embedded Image A
Point to point Supported 5 9 Control N Embedded Image A Embedded Image Embedded Image A
9 Test N Embedded Image A Embedded Image B Embedded Image A
Kyoto Velocity-dependent force field Point to point Supported 6 6 Control N Embedded Image NA Embedded Image NN Embedded Image NA
9 Test N Embedded Image NA Embedded Image NB Embedded Image NA
  • Embedded Image, 1 d; Embedded Image, 7 d; N, null trials; A, perturbation trials; B, opposite perturbation to A.