Table 3.

Effect of intra-DRN glutamate on aggressive and nonaggressive behaviors

Glutamate (μm)
00.11
Attack bites29.3 ± 4.138.8 ± 4.547.4 ± 5.2*
Sideways threats (s)32.4 ± 4.040.2 ± 5.042.6 ± 4.8
Tail rattles (s)25.1 ± 3.214.7 ± 2.0*38.6 ± 10.5
Pursuits (s)0.3 ± 0.10.5 ± 0.30.9 ± 0.4
Walking (s)62.4 ± 5.454.2 ± 4.157.0 ± 3.1
Rearing (s)62.3 ± 9.247.4 ± 9.857.2 ± 10.1
Self-grooming (s)29.4 ± 6.627.5 ± 6.125.0 ± 4.4
Social contact (s)24.2 ± 3.427.0 ± 5.220.5 ± 2.3
  • Two doses of l -glutamate were examined. All values are mean ± SEM.

  • *p < 0.05 compared with vehicle.