Table 2.

Spatial coordinates of the local hemodynamic activity maxima during echolocation versus null (click production without auditory feedback)a

Regionx, y, z (mm)Z scoreExtent
Subcortical
    Thalamus, premotor−15, −18, 93.065
Cortical auditory
    Temporal pole*54, −6, −34.671126
    Heschl's gyrus (H1, H2)48, −24, 94.09
    Superior temporal lobe−39, −27,03.45181
    Heschl's gyrus (H1, H2)−51, −12, 33.24
    Planum temporale−60, −21, 63.29
Cortical sensorimotor, frontal
    Precentral gyrus*−48, −3, 184.48970
    Precentral gyrus, BA6−63, 0, 184.29
    Middle cingulate cortex−9, −3, 304.34
    Juxtapositional cortex, BA6−3, −6, 513.0811
    Precentral gyrus ζ54, 3, 214.26
Cortical visual
    Occipital pole3, −93, 243.118
Cerebellum
    Right I–V3, −51, −63.9818
    Right VI, Crus I24, −66, −213.6018
    Vermis VI3, −66, −213.5738
  • aAll coordinates are from the group analysis (p < 0.05 FDR-corrected, spatial extent threshold of 5 voxels) given in MNI space, as well as the Z score and the cluster extent size (see also Fig. 5). Coordinates without extent values are subclusters belonging to the next closest cluster.

  • *Significant after clusterwise FWE correction (p < 0.05). ζ belongs to cluster 54, −6, −3.