Table 1.

List of activations revealed by contrasting errors with negative feedback versus correct trials with positive feedback in experiment 1

Talairach coordinates
Side Brain region xyzZ score
Negative > positive feedback
R rCMA (BA 24c′) 6 19 35 3.81
R Pre-SMA (BA 6)* 0 13 53 3.89
L Anterior inferior insula (BA 13/14) −37 10 −3 4.34
R Anterior inferior insula (BA 13/14) 42 7 0 4.28
L Superior bank of IFS (BA 9) 48 19 32 3.79
L Inferior precentral sulcus (BA 6) 54 10 26 3.48
R Anterior SFS (BA 8) 15 40 29 3.90
L Anterior IPS (BA 7/40) −35 −46 41 3.90
R IPL (BA 40) 51 −49 32 4.75
L/R Habenular complex (bilateral) 3/−5 −25 8 4.05
L Thalamus (ventrolateral/anterior Nc) −11 −10 11 4.44
R Thalamus (ventrolateral/anterior Nc) 12 −10 14 4.08
R Thalamus (ventrolateral Nc) 9 −10 5 3.86
L Thalamus (laterodorsal Nc) −14 −22 21 3.89
Positive > negative feedback
L Ventral striatum (Nc accumbens) −17 7 −5 4.00
L Putamen −22 −1 14 3.80
R Putamen 24 −19 8 4.00
  • IFS, Inferior frontal sulcus; IPL, inferior parietal lobule; IPS, intraparietal sulcus; SFS, superior frontal sulcus; Nc, nucleus; L, left; R, right. Asterisk indicates pre-SMA not significantly activated with reaction time as regressor.