Table 1.

Total and regional brain volumes (calculated in cubic centimeters) in WS and control groups

WS Controls
Mean SD Mean SD
TBV 1210.5 100.5 1367.6 139.7
Cerebrum 540.8 47.3 591.1 67.5
Frontal lobe 196.9 19.9 210.0 23.3
Temporal lobe 116.3 11.5 125.3 15.3
Parietal lobe 129.0 14.0 139.8 16.9
Occipital lobe 60.2 8.6 73.6 13.8
Dorsal prefrontal 8.3 3.1 10.8 3.4
Middle superior prefrontal 21.6 3.6 24.7 3.5
Middle inferior prefrontal 26.2 3.5 27.6 3.6
Orbital prefrontal 24.2 4.9 18.2 4.6
Superior temporal gyrus 22.3 2.5 22.3 2.5
Thalamus 6.9 0.8 8.3 1.1
Amygdala 3.4 0.5 3.1 0.6
Hippocampus 5.8 0.9 5.8 0.9
Ventral anterior cingulate 5.6 1.7 5.7 1.7
Dorsal anterior cingulate 4.7 1.1 4.3 0.7
Middle cingulate 3.5 0.8 3.8 0.5
Posterior cingulate 12.2 2.7 14.0 3.8
  • Total brain volume is the sum of gray matter, white matter, and CSF. All other values represent gray matter volumes only.