Table 1.

Effect of 45 μ A stimulation on song output by area

Distort % Truncate % Restart % Stop % Latency (ms)
HVC 42.3 25.0 40.8 33.6 74.4 ± 15.6
vRA 16.3 22.7 26.9 17.8 72.5 ± 13.9
dRA 29.4 26.7 34.0 10.7 73.9 ± 13.6
PAm 18.8 32.8 45.3 35.9 51.2 ± 6.9
nXIIts 23.2 0.5 1.5 9.9 N/A
  • Summary of stimulation effects by location. The percentage of songs with syllable-level effects (distortion or truncation) and song-level effects (song restart and song stop) is shown for different stimulus locations, produced by 45 μA stimulation. The truncation latencies after stimulation are also shown.