Table 3.

Normalized Heschl's gyrus volumes (in mm3, means and SD) as a function of musical education

Musical educationYES/NOBilingual/MonolingualLeft HGRight HG
InstrumentYES (n = 20)Bilingual (n = 13)2473 (857)2219 (720)
Monolingual (n = 7)2132 (1101)1536 (421)
NO (n = 20)Bilingual (n = 7)2336 (769)1994 (502)
Monolingual (n = 13)1948 (567)1776 (354)
Musical schoolYES (n = 15)Bilingual (n = 9)2516 (739)2200 (623)
Monolingual (n = 6)1841 (864)1480 (394)
NO (n = 25)Bilingual (n = 11)2352 (892)2092 (693)
Monolingual (n = 14)2085 (749)1796 (348)
  • n = 40, as four participants from the original group could not be contacted for the post hoc interview.