Table 1.

Parameter estimates of intrinsic and modulatory parameters for Model 15

PathwayIntrinsic connectionsModulatory parameters
Mean (SD) Pre/PostT, p (Post/Pre)Neutral (Pre/Post)/Mean (SD)Air (Pre/Post)/Mean (SD)Anxiety × Odor (F, p)
APC → Amyg−0.09 (0.23)/0.20 (0.13)****3.33, 0.007**0.002 (0.061)/0.106 (0.076)0.063 (0.073)/0.080 (0.085)9.52, 0.01**
APC → PPC0.007 (0.33)/0.34 (0.09)****3.06, 0.01*0.044 (0.059)/0.070 (0.052)0.058 (0.072)/0.045 (0.056)1.56, 0.24
PPC → Amyg0.05 (0.10)/−0.04 (0.13)−2.28, 0.04*0.004 (0.007)/0.008 (0.009)0.001 (0.010)/0.005 (0.008)0.003, 0.96
PPC → APC−0.001 (0.07)/0.03 (0.11)0.88, 0.390.002 (0.003)/0.001 (0.002)−0.001 (0.007)/0.001 (0.001)1.33, 0.27
PPC → Olf. OFC0.17 (0.16)***/0.16 (0.12)****−0.16, 0.880.003 (0.024)/0.018 (0.019)0.005 (0.016)/0.003 (0.005)3.03, 0.11
Amyg → APC−0.01 (0.09)/0.03 (0.05)1.12, 0.29−0.002 (0.009)/0.001 (0.001)−0.001 (0.006)/0.001 (0.001)0.79, 0.39
Amyg → PPC0.14 (0.17)*/0.07 (0.04)****−1.69, 0.12−0.001 (0.009)/0.005 (0.006)0.003 (0.005)/0.003 (0.004)4.78, 0.05*
Amyg → Olf. OFC0.07 (0.08)*/0.12 (0.06)****1.73, 0.110.002 (0.021)/0.019 (0.020)0.002 (0.017)/0.004 (0.007)1.49, 0.25
Amyg → pgACC0.24 (0.18)****/0.23 (0.26)**−0.72, 0.940.006 (0.009)/0.018 (0.019)0.010 (0.017)/0.018 (0.024)0.13, 0.72
Olf. OFC → Amyg0.004 (0.03)/−0.02 (0.03)−1.79, 0.100.002 (0.006)/0.004 (0.001)−0.001 (0.004)/0.001 (0.001)1.42, 0.36
Olf. OFC → PPC0.03 (0.04)*/0.03 (0.06)0.21, 0.84−0.001 (0.003)/0.001 (0.001)0.001 (0.002)/0.001 (0.001)0.58, 0.46
pgACC → Amyg0.02 (0.04)/−0.002 (0.04)−1.29, 0.220.001 (0.002)/0.001 (0.001)0.002 (0.006)/0.001 (0.001)0.35, 0.57
  • *p < 0.05;

  • **p < 0.01;

  • ***p < 0.005;

  • ****p < 0.001;

  • p < 0.10; two-tailed. Amyg, Amygdala; APC, anterior piriform; Olf. OFC, olfactory OFC; pgACC, pregenual ACC; PPC, posterior piriform.