Table 4.

The effect of 1 μm l -glutamate was antagonized by coadministration of 50 μm APV + 10 μm NBQX

0GlutamateGlutamate
00APV + NBQX
Attack bites13.8 ± 3.925.1 ± 2.2*14.5 ± 3.1**
Sideways threats (s)19.0 ± 4.033.8 ± 3.7*20.9 ± 4.0**
Tail rattles (s)6.9 ± 1.718.2 ± 3.4*12.3 ± 2.3
Pursuits (s)0.0 ± 0.00.0 ± 0.00.0 ± 0.0
Walking (s)46.4 ± 7.045.6 ± 5.634.2 ± 4.1
Rearing (s)58.7 ± 10.157.3 ± 10.142.0 ± 8.7
Self-grooming (s)13.7 ± 2.724.0 ± 4.125.7 ± 6.2
Social contact (s)26.2 ± 3.827.1 ± 8.026.6 ± 6.2
  • All values are mean ± SEM.

  • *p < 0.05 compared with vehicle,

  • **p < 0.05 compared with l -glutamate group in antagonists coinjection group.