Table 1.

Lexical and semantic attributes as means (SD) for concrete and abstract test words

ConcreteAbstractt test (p)
Number of letters5.75 (1.97)5.75 (2.02)0.70
Number of phonemes4.47 (1.75)4.87 (1.9)0.33
Number of syllables1.67 (0.8)2 (1.01)0.11
Log Frequency9.86 (1.31)9.44 (1.5)0.18
Orth. neighborhood4.87 (5.51)4.27 (5.81)0.64
Phon. neighborhood9.57 (10.22)8.72 (11.52)0.73
Bigram frequency1722 (842)1902 (933)0.37
Concreteness4.81 (0.19)2.21 (0.65)<0.0001
Sound rating2.39 (1.47)0.96 (0.84)<0.0001
Color rating3.32 (1.07)0.60 (0.61)<0.0001
Manipulation rating2.43 (1.42)0.78 (0.53)<0.0001
Motion rating2.42 (1.68)0.81 (0.77)<0.0001
Shape rating3.90 (1.27)0.33 (0.26)<0.0001
  • Concreteness data are from Brysbaert et al. (2014). All other lexical attributes were obtained from the English Lexicon Project (http://elexicon.wustl.edu).