Table 1.

Maternal demographics

Variablesn (%)
Age at delivery, ya17.6 ± 3.4
Pre-pregnancy body mass indexa25.1 ± 6.8
Years of education
    9th grade3 (8.3)
    10th grade7 (19.4)
    11th grade9 (25.0)
    12th grade or higher17 (47.2)
Race
    Not Hispanic/Latino4 (11.1)
    Hispanic/Latino32 (88.9)
Type of delivery
    Vaginal spontaneous14 (38.9)
    Assisted vaginalb10 (27.8)
    Emergent Cesarean sectionc8 (22.2)
Pregnancy complicationsd
    None29 (80.6)
    Complications4 (11.1)
  • All mothers of Hispanic ethnicity were coded together.

  • aData presented as mean ± SD.

  • bAssisted vaginal includes induction and augmentation.

  • cEmergent Cesarean sections were due to arrest of dilatation/descent (n = 6), breech presentation (n = 1), and unknown reason (n = 1).

  • dComplications occurred across delivery types: vaginal spontaneous (n = 1) due to chorioamnionitis, assisted vaginal (n = 1) due to group B streptococcus, and emergent cesarean section (n = 2) due to acute nephritic syndrome and chorioamnionitis.